What's in Your Tap Water?

Tap water in the USA is one of the highest quality in the world. Most tap water quality provided by local municipalities in the United States is of high international standard and healthy and safe to drink.

However, the drinking water standards can vary by state - it’s worth remembering that impurities can enter your water supply even from individual pipes coming to your home.

What's in your tap water

What’s in your tap water?


Chlorine and various minerals are a staple ingredient of any tap water - chlorine is used to treat harmful bacteria from the water before it reaches your tap.

The levels of chlorine are regularly monitored as required by law, so the chances of consuming harmful amounts of chlorine are extremely small.


Limescale is a chalky substance made of magnesium and calcium carbonate. It is formed when hard water [i.e. water with high mineral content] is boiled.

You can often see a limescale build-up in electric kettles and taps. It can affect the efficiency of electric kettles, so it’s worth cleaning them regularly.

Clean your kettle with vinegar

My tip: clean your kettle with vinegar. Get a bottle of cheap vinegar, pour it into your kettle just enough so it covers the area affected by the limescale and boil it twice. Make sure to open the windows, as the smell is eye-watering!

Leave the vinegar for another 30 minutes so it dissolves the limescale completely. Then simply pour it out, rinse the kettle a few times to get rid of any vinegar smell and enjoy limescale free coffee!


Most water supplies contain fluoride - either naturally, or added artificially - while it’s a standard feature in tap water, it has its advocates and critics.

Fluoride reduces tooth decay, however some state that high levels of this chemical formula can lead to dental and skeletal fluorosis - damage to your teeth and bones.


Now this is a highly poisonous substance - even touching a lead dish can be toxic. While tap water doesn’t contain lead, this element can enter the water supplies from old pipes connected to your house.

Interestingly the areas with soft water risk higher lead pollution, as limescale works as a natural barrier against any harmful lead. In the areas of a higher lead presence, water companies treat water with a phosphoric acid which reduces lead content.


What's in your tap water

Plastic microfibres contaminate up to 72% of the tap water across the USA and Europe. These microplastics come from various sources, such as clothes made from synthetic fabrics, car tires, paints, and microbeads in cosmetics.

To give you a better idea of the scale, a single fleece jacket can release up to 250,000 plastic microfibers in a single wash.

Kill Bacteria with CrazyCap!

Most of the harmful and immediate issues caused by the contaminated water are due to microorganisms present in tap water. Crazycap portable water purifier is designed to neutralize the effects caused by these.

The health risks are unknown at this stage, however, microplastics are proven to contain and absorb toxic chemicals.

Hopefully not in your water

Harmful bacteria and parasites

In theory, tap water should be free of any harmful bacteria and parasites. Occasional outbursts of microscopic parasites do occur - these can lead to diarrhea and stomach cramps.

Synthetic hormones

Scientists believe that the EE2 ethinyl estradiol chemical found in the contraceptive pill is getting into main water supplies.

These synthetic hormones, while not yet proven to affect human organisms, are an on-going concern.


Pharmaceutical elements such as anti-depressants or cocaine-byproducts have been found in the main water supplies. Their presence is however on a microscopic level and in any way will not affect the overall quality of your drinking water.

Get CrazyCap Portable Water Purifier now!

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